With growing aquaculture activities across the coastal region, India has produced an estimated $14.90 billion (Rs 100,000 lakh crore) value of fish production during 2015-16 financial year
NEW DELHI: With growing aquaculture activities across the coastal region, India has produced an estimated $14.90 billion (Rs 100,000 lakh crore) value of fish production during 2015-16 financial year, Indian agriculture and farmers welfare minister, Radha Mohan Singh said recently.
While speaking at an event at Vigyan Bhavan in Delhi on World Fisheries Day, Singh said that fish farming will have three benefits firstly, increase in the farmers income secondly, there will be progress in the country’s export and GDP and thirdly it will ensure nutritional and food security in the country.
The aim of Blue Revolution scheme is to increase the fish production and productivity by 8 per cent annual growth rate and to reach 15 million tones mark by 2020, Singh stressed.
He also called all the states that funds released by the central government for fisheries activities should be spend it properly and should not do fund parking.
Singh has said that due to rapid increase in fisheries and aquaculture, the income of fish farmers and farmers is constantly increasing and in the coming days it will benefit fish farmers and farmers at a large scale.
Over 15 million people engaged in fisheries sector
The agriculture minister also said that in fish production, India is constantly at the second position after China. Fisheries are a big sector in the country and around 15 million people are engaged in fisheries business. India has first place in the world in the area of shrimp fish and it is the largest exporter of shrimp fish.
Taking all fisheries production together, there was estimated 10.8 million tones fish production in the country in year 2015-16, which is around 6.4 per cent of total fish production of the world, Singh opined.
India is the second largest country in the world to produce fish from aquaculture (4.21 million tonnes). It contributes about 6.3 percent in global aquaculture.
From the last decade, where the average annual growth rate of export of fish and fisheries production in the world remaining 7.5 per cent, Indian remain at the first place with an average annual growth rate of 14.8 per cent in the export of fisheries product.
Singh said in the last two and half years, his government has constantly made new schemes in the interests of fisheries sector and farmers and has implemented them successfully throughout the country.
Agriculture Minister said that success of fisheries is also a result of constant efforts of the government. World Fisheries Day is also being organized from the last two years after the formation of the government.
India to invest $437 million in the next five years
The Minister said that Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi has given the slogan and vision for the complete development of India-to double the income of the farmers.
To achieve this target, government has laid emphasis on the development of the fisheries and its target is to double the income of the fishers, fishermen and farmers by 2022 through aquaculture and marine fisheries.
Singh told that with a fish production of 7.21 million tonnes from the Indian fisheries, India has second place in the world. India can achieve about 8 per cent growth rate in Indian fishery.
The Minister said that looking at the large potential in the development of the fisheries, Prime Minister has called for 'Blue Revolution' in the field of fisheries. Thereafter, ministry has merged all the existing schemes and started a $ 437 million (Rs 3000 crore) umbrella scheme “Blue Revolution; Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries”.
This scheme includes in land fisheries, aquaculture, marine fisheries comprising of deep sea fishing, mariculture and all the activities of national fisheries development board (NFDB).
National Fisheries Action Plan 2020 in place
Singh informed that Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has prepared a National Fisheries Action Plan 2020 (NFAP) for the next five years to increase fish production and productivity and to achieve the target of blue revolution.
In this Action Plan all the different fisheries resources of the country like ponds and tanks, wetlands, brackish water, cold water, lakes reservoirs, rivers and canals and marine sectors are included. All the states / UTs have been requested to prepare State Action Plan (SAP) for the next five years to achieve the objective of blue revolution according to NFAP 2020.
The Minister said the aim of Blue Revolution scheme is to increase the fish production and productivity by 8 per cent annual growth rate and to reach 15 million tones mark by 2020.
To bring National inland fisheries Policy
Efforts are being made to bring a 'National inland fisheries Policy' along with new 'National Marine Fisheries Policy', which will decide an overall and integrated growth frame work in the area of inland fisheries throughout the country.
Singh said that around 26.869 hectares area has been developed for the aquaculture which has benefited 63,372 fishermen.
He said that during the last two years, under fishermen welfare, construction of 9,603 fishermen houses have been assisted whereas 20,705 fishermen have been trained and around 5 million fishermen have been provided with annual insurance assistance.
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